Domain Names

Domain names are used as a replacement for of IP addresses. Domain Name is a text based (built by characters) name for defined web sites/computers of the Internet.

A domain is a user-friendly naming system that allows people to easily navigate web servers and web pages. Rather than making people type in an IP address whenever they want to access a certain web page. When referring to an Internet address or name a domain or domain name is the location of a website. For example, the domain name "" points to the IP address "". Generally, it's easier to remember a name rather than a long string of numbers.

A domain name is the foundation of a website. It’s how website visitors navigate to website, and it plays a role in how people discover websites online. It’s often the first impression that potential visitors get of the website as well, so registering the best domain name possible is important. Domain Names are should be simple, short, unique, and relevant.

Components of a Domain Name

Domain names are composed of several different parts.

Host Name - The final aspect of the domain name is the www aspect. This is standard for every domain name and is referred to as the machine name.

Sub Domain - The mid-level domain is probably what you’re most familiar with. It’s the part after the www, but before the top-level domain. This is the part of your domain name you’ll have the greatest level of customization. As a example in our web site sub domain is eacademy.

Top Level Domain - At the far right of the domain name, you’ll find what’s called a TLD (top level domain), or the domain name extension. Generic top-level domains are the .com, .org, .net, .lk or other extensions you find after the final period in the domain name.

Different types of Domain Names

There are two types of TLDs available in Internet based on their structure.

1. gTLD - generic Top Level Domain

The best known generic TLD's include .com, .net, .biz, .org and .info etc. These can be registered by anyone, anywhere in the world.

■ .com – Commercial businesses.
■ .org – Organizations.
■ .net – Network organizations.
■ .gov – U.S. government agencies.
■ .mil – Military.
■ .edu – Educational Purpose.

2. ccTLD - country code Top Level Domains

Two letter domains established for geographical locations and countries.

■ .uk - United Kingdom
■ .us - United States
■ .lk - Sri Lanka
■ .in - India
■ .jp - Japan
■ .au - Australia


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